SD-Guide Sections Weimar und Erfurt SD-Leitabschnitte Weimar und Erfurt (Fond 1241)
Copyright Holder: Rossiĭskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ voennyĭ arkhiv
Fond 1241 (1934-1944).Opis 1; Dela 53. Arranged in two series: 1. Reports, directives and newspapers clippings, 1939-1943; 2. Catholic Church and catholic clergy, list of members of the New Apostolic Church in Weimar, 1938-1940; Selected records arranged in one series: 1. Reports, directives and newspapers clippings, 1939-1943. Note: Location of digital images; Partial microfilm reel # 80: Image#65-178.
The Reich Main Security Office (German: Reichssicherheitshauptamt, RSHA) was an organization subordinate to Heinrich Himmler in his dual capacities as Chef der Deutschen Polizei (Chief of German Police) and Reichsführer-SS, the head of the Nazi Party's Schutzstaffel (SS). The organization's duty was to fight all "enemies of the Reich" inside and outside the borders of Nazi Germany. The RSHA was created by Himmler on 27 September 1939. Himmler's assumption of total control over all security and police forces in Germany was the "crucial precondition" for the establishment and growth of the SS state. He combined the Nazi Party's Sicherheitsdienst (SD; SS intelligence service) with the Sicherheitspolizei (SiPo; "Security Police"), which was nominally under the Interior Ministry. The SiPo was composed of two sub-departments, the Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo; "Secret State Police") and the Kriminalpolizei (Kripo; "Criminal Police"). The RSHA was often abbreviated to "RSi-H" in correspondence to avoid confusion with the SS-Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt (RuSHA; "SS Race and Settlement Office"). The creation of the RSHA represented the formalization, at the top level, of the relationship under which the SD served as the intelligence agency for the security police. A similar coordination existed in the local offices. Within Germany and areas which were incorporated within the Reich for the purpose of civil administration, local offices of the Gestapo, criminal police, and SD were formally separate. They were subject to coordination by inspectors of the security police and SD on the staffs of the local higher SS and police leaders, however, and one of the principal functions of the local SD units was to serve as the intelligence agency for the local Gestapo units. In the occupied territories, the formal relationship between local units of the Gestapo, criminal police, and SD was slightly closer. Throughout the course of wartime expansion, the RSHA continued to grow at an enormous rate and was "repeatedly reorganized." Routine reorganization did not change the tendency for centralization within the Third Reich nor did it change the general trend for organizations like the RHSA to develop direct relationships to Hitler, adhering to a familiar National Socialist pattern of the leader-follower construct. For the RSHA, its centrality within Nazi Germany was pronounced since departments like the Gestapo (within the RSHA) were controlled by Himmler and his immediate subordinate SS-Obergruppenführer and General of Police Reinhard Heydrich; they held the power of life and death for nearly every German and were essentially above the law. Heydrich remained the RSHA chief until he was assassinated in 1942. In January 1943, Himmler delegated the office to SS-Obergruppenführer and General of Police Ernst Kaltenbrunner, who headed the RSHA until the end of World War II in Europe. The head of the RSHA was also known as the CSSD or Chef der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD (Chief of the Security Police and of the Security Service). [Refrence: Wikipedia and “Nazi-Looted Jewish Archives in Moscow. A guide to Jewish Historical and Cultural Collections in the Russian State Military Archive”, ed. by D. E. Fishman, M. Kupovetsky, V. Kuzelenkov]
Consists of the 1939 reports of the SD sector in Eisenach; printed materials on the activities of the Institut zur Erforschung und Beseitigung des jüdischen Einflusses auf das deutsche kirchliche Leben ("Institute for the Investigation and Removal of Jewish Influence on German Religious Life"); a 1942 Himmler directive and other reports and regulations on strengthening SS and police combat forces in occupied Poland and the Eastern Territories, including the recruitment of Ukrainians, Balts, and White Ruthenians under the coordination of SS Brigade Leader Odilo Globočnik. Also included is a report about an Ordnungspolizei special action (Sondereinsatz) in Marseilles in January 1943. Note: USHMM Archives holds only selected records.
No restrictions on access. This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. No other access restrictions apply to this material.
- 1 microfilm reel (partial), 35 mm 113 digital images, JPEG
- Poland--History--Occupation, 1939--1945.
- Himmler, Heinrich, 1900-1945.
- In Oorlogsbronnen in set collectie_ehri